The Golden Retriever likely came into being in the early 1800s in England, a land of bountiful game and people who truly admired the retrievers. Though various historians differ, the Golden Retriever was likely created through crosses of such dogs as the old Tweed Water Spaniel, small Newfoundland dogs, the Irish Setter, and other water spaniels. The breed achieved popularity by the late 1800s for its friendly, outgoing nature; excellent hunting ability; and truly impressive appearance. The breed’s popularity has never waned, and the Golden Retriever today enjoys a strong following of dedicated fanciers. The breed stand 21.5-24 inches at the shoulder and weighs 55-75 pounds. The Golden Retriever is remarkable in its intelligence, and reliable in its trainability. Color is a rich, lustrous gold in various shades. The coat is dense, double, and water repellent, requiring daily grooming. Goldens excel in obedience and field-trial work and make great family companions.